Coal Exports Bad for Montana’s Health, Economy, by Kate Keller

October 10, Missoulian

Who do you trust more to care for your neighborhood: a local business with a stake in the community, or an out-of-state corporation with a history of environmental and labor abuse? Almost anyone would pick the former choice. But right now one of the country’s biggest out-of-state coal companies is trying to convince Montanans to take a bad deal, accepting environmental degradation and pollution for a project that would actually hurt local business.

At issue is Arch Coal’s proposed Otter Creek coal export mine. Arch, a St Louis-based company that currently has no major mining operations in Montana, wants to get rich by selling coal to China and other countries, even as demand for coal in the U.S. declines. Feeding mainly overseas markets, coal from Otter Creek would be carried by train through Missoula and dozens of other towns, en route to proposed export terminals on the west coast (Arch owns a large stake in one of these ports).

Critics of coal exports have rightly pointed out that transporting and burning coal adds to local health hazards and global problems like climate change. And contrary to claims about “economic investment” in Montana, the pillage-and-run model of Arch Coal can only adversely affect business.

Open-top coal cars are a source of toxic coal dust. Because coal is a heavy product, the trains require more diesel-powered locomotives to move them than do cleaner-running trains carrying agricultural products. So hauling coal inevitably means more air pollution, particularly in neighborhoods and business districts along the tracks. In places like Missoula, historic cultural centers are located along the tracks, and our local activity and businesses thrive there. Missoula’s downtown outdoor events like the Farmers’ Market and Out to Lunch are at the heart of our economy. It’s who we are. Coal pollution threatens the things which make the Missoula community unique.  Continue reading 


Governor Bullock, it’s Time to Act on Climate Change

September 30, Helena Independent Record

In 2005, then-Governor Brian Schweitzer directed Montana’s Department of Environmental Quality to create a Climate Change Advisory Council to find cost-effective solutions to global warming. Schweitzer had been in office less than a year, and this seemed like a promising first step on climate change for his administration. But almost eight years later, the state’s resolve to act on climate seems to have dissolved.

This isn’t for want of solutions. The Advisory Council recommended 54 policies to reduce carbon emissions, from stronger clean energy standards to helping consumers make smart energy choices. But Schweitzer largely ignored or forgot about the report he’d commissioned. His administration became known instead for a very different kind of energy policy: strip mining and exporting Montana coal.

It’s been eight years since our former governor suggested the state do something serious about climate change. It’s time our current governor acted on that advice.

Gov. Steve Bullock has been in office almost as long as Schweitzer had been when he gave his directive to the DEQ. But Bullock has yet to take any comparable step on climate change, though the threats have not diminished.

Recent years in the West have been characterized by drought, floods, and wildfires — natural disasters increasing in frequency and intensity due to climate change. Again this year, Montana’s blue ribbon trout streams closed during the best fishing season due to warm water. Glacier National Park has lost 125 out of 150 mountain glaciers. Climate change has serious implications for Montana agriculture, tourism and forestry.  Continue reading



September 16, Helena Independent Record

A group of protesters staged a sit-in along train tracks in Helena on Sunday to oppose a coal development proposal in the state. The act of civil disobedience led city police to issue 13 citations for criminal trespassing.

The protesters sat on a patch of land between railroad tracks crossing North Montana Avenue, about 20 feet from the road. Security personnel with Montana Rail Link, which owns the land, and city police were at the site when protesters arrived.

Police stopped the sit-in after about 10 minutes, and the protesters willingly accepted citations for trespassing. They are scheduled to appear before city court this morning.

“They were symbolically reclaiming that railroad right of way from the coal companies that use it to transport dirty coal,” Nick Engelfried, a rally organizer with the Missoula-based Blue Skies Campaign, said after the event. The Blue Skies Campaign also staged a weeklong protest inside the state Capitol building last summer that led to 23 arrests, according to the group.

“There’s nothing that conveys the moral urgency of an issue like this in the same way that civil disobedience does. It conveys the importance of the issue in a way that holding signs cannot,” Engelfried said.

“I’m here on behalf of my grandchildren, because if the coal from the Powder River and Otter Creek is burned, then my grandchildren and their grandchildren face a very grim future,” protester Lee Metzgar said after receiving his citation.  Continue reading


Linda Kenoyer, of Livingston, took a moment to speak

Credit: Independent Record

June 28, Helena Independent Record

A group of 14 people admitted Monday to trespassing in the Montana Capitol building last summer in protest of coal development in Montana.

They’ll pay fines and get the chance to keep the matter off their records.

But the group, affiliated with the Missoula-based Blue Skies Campaign, said their fight over coal and global warming isn’t over.

“I certainly anticipate that there will be more direct action and more civil disobedience,” Nicholas Engelfried, of Missoula, said outside Municipal Court on Monday morning.

Engelfried, 25, entered his no-contest plea for misdemeanor trespassing before Municipal Judge Bob Wood, along with John Lawrence Ashmore, 70, of Seeley Lake; Margarita McLarty, 68, and Linda Kay Kenoyer, 58, both of Livingston.

Ten others — including author Rick Bass, from Yaak — entered no-contest pleas through their attorney, Robert Gentry, of Missoula. Nine others already pleaded no contest and satisfied the conditions of their deferred sentences.  Continue reading


Activists Protest Mars Investment in Coal

MCLEAN, VA, April 23, 2013 On Tuesday, members of the Chesapeake Earth First! and the Montana-based Blue Skies Campaign demanded that one of the world’s largest candy companies sever ties with the coal industry.  At issue is the Tongue River Railroad, a proposed 40-mile railroad in Montana that would open some of the nation’s largest coal deposits to strip mining.  Forrest Mars, Jr., who along with other members of the Mars family owns the candy company Mars, Inc. is one of three financial investors in the railroad.

If built, the Tongue River Railroad would transport coal from southeastern Montana to existing rail lines, which would carry it to the West Coast for export.  During the long journey west, diesel-powered trains carrying coal in uncovered cars would pass through dozens of communities in Montana, Idaho, Oregon, and Washington, adding to air and water pollution.  Once burned in overseas power plants, the coal would contribute to climate change.

“Coal train traffic already severely impacts the cities like Missoula, Montana,” says Lowell Chandler, a Missoula resident who lives across the street from the railroad tracks.  “Locomotive diesel fumes are frequently so thick you can taste the gases, black dust and grime cakes our outdoor furniture and garden soil, and coupling of empty coal cars every day and night produce bangs so loud they resonate as bombs and shake your home. If the Tongue River Railroad was built it would open the floodgates for coal exports and the culture of Missoula and the Northwest would be altered forever.”

The Tongue River Railroad would also affect agricultural land in Montana by bisecting ranches and industrializing a rural part of the state.  Forrest Mars, Jr. who owns a ranch in Southeast Montana, originally opposed the railroad because it would have cut through his property.  In 2011, Mars bought a stake in the project and used his insider’s influence to change the route so it no longer affects his land.  He now supports and is helping to finance the railroad.

On Tuesday, a group of activists rallied outside Mars, Inc.’s national headquarters in McLean, Virginia, in hopes of speaking to a Mars executive about the Tongue River Railroad.  According to Richelle Brown of the D.C.-area group Chesapeake Earth First!, “Coal production, transport, and use harms communities, no matter where it occurs. We’re here to point out the direct line of responsibility between the Mars brand and the widespread and irreversible damage that would occur if this project goes forward. What happens in Montana matters in Virginia.”

Blue Skies Campaign is a grassroots organization based in Missoula, Montana, dedicated to protecting communities from coal pollution.  Chesapeake Earth First! uses a front-line, direct action approach to confront and halt ecological destruction in the Chesapeake Bay watershed and beyond.

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End Denial About Damage Coal Does to Our Health, by Dr. Georgia Milan

March 13, Missoulian

After practicing family medicine for 30 years, I had to step back from my clinical practice in order to better serve patients and our community. It became clear to me that we need to address the true causes of our diseases. One of the most dangerous threats to current and future generations is our use of coal – a critical and immediate issue for Montanans.

When smoking was identified as dangerous, physicians challenged the tobacco industry and demanded disclosure of harmful health effects. Now we need to apply the same standards to our use of coal.

Plant life was fossilized into coal over 300 million years ago, and today Montana sits on some of the largest coal deposits in North America. The Otter Creek Coal Tracts in southeast Montana alone contain 1.3 billion tons of coal.

Burning coal releases billions of tons of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere every year. According to the Union of Concerned Scientists, coal plants are the nation’s top source of carbon emissions, and the primary cause of climate change responsible for heat related deaths, natural disasters, infectious diseases, and threatening food and water supplies world wide. Montana’s Colstrip Power Plant is the 8th largest greenhouse gas emitter in the U.S. according to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.

Coal plants are also responsible for 40 percent of all hazardous air pollutants (American Lung Association). These emissions contribute to 4 out of 5 of the leading causes of death – heart disease, cancer, stroke and respiratory diseases. Recent studies are showing correlation with autoimmune diseases and even chronic neurologic diseases such as Alzheimers and Parkinsons.  Continue reading

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2,000 Montanans Raise Concerns About Coal

HELENA, March 6th, 2013 – On Wednesday, March 6th, volunteers from the Blue Skies Campaign will deliver approximately 2,000 comments from Montanans concerned about the toxic effects of coal mining and transportation to the Department of Environmental Quality, on the final day of a DEQ public comment period on Arch Coal’s proposed Otter Creek Mine.

“As a fifth generation Montanan, my interests are in long term, sustainable development that does not compromise the health of local communities,” says Dylan DeRosier of Missoula, whose comment will be delivered with hundreds of others on Wednesday.  “For this reason I do not support the Otter Creek Mine.”

The main incentive to mine Otter Creek is to supply coal for overseas exports.  This means increasing coal train traffic through towns like Billings, Bozeman, Helena, and Missoula, as trains travel to proposed export terminals on the West Coast.  Coal trains would cause local air pollution and road congestion in affected towns, while eventual overseas coal combustion would also add to climate change, contributing to droughts and wildfires in Montana.

“Our town is split by the railroad,” says Margarita McLarty of Livingston, in her comment.  “When the costs of disruption to local transportation, pollution, and negative impacts on public health are taken into consideration, we can easily conclude that mining Otter Creek coal is a poor choice.”

Montanans worried about coal train traffic and climate change want the DEQ to consider these big-picture impacts, as the agency prepares to craft an Environmental Impact Statement for the Otter Creek project.  They say it is impossible to gauge the full environmental effects of the mine, without considering the results of coal’s transportation and combustion.  Many comments to be submitted Wednesday urge the DEQ to look at these larger impacts.

“As a Missoula resident, I will be directly impacted by the proposed increase in coal trains,” says Mary LaPorte of Missoula.  “On a larger scale I oppose carbon emissions, which contribute to climate change at the expense of people and the planet.”

Groups involved in the Wednesday drop-off include the Blue Skies Campaign, Montana Environmental Information Center, CREDO Action,, and Greenpeace.

“With the damage from climate change continuing to wreak havoc across the country, the last thing we should be doing is moving forward with the dirty Otter Creek Coal Mine,” said Josh Nelson, a campaign manager with CREDO Action.  “The DEQ should not let dirty coal companies profit at the expense of Montana communities’ health.”

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Groups Hold Forward on Climate Rally in Missoula

MISSOULA, February 14, 2013 – While thousands gathered at the National Mall Sunday for the largest climate rally in US history, Missoulians joined a local support rally in their own community.  Around 200 people turned out to the rally, which focused on calling on Montana policymakers to promote clean energy, and halt destructive fossil fuel projects like the Otter Creek Mine and the Keystone XL Pipeline.

The rally began downtown at the XXXs at 12:00pm, where participants heard from speakers including Mayor John Engen; Beth Schenk, RN at Providence St. Patrick Hospital; UM climatologist Dr. Steve Running; and Vanessa Braided Hair, an activist and member of the Northern Cheyenne.  After the rally, most of the group marched to Higgins Street and gathered on the bridge with signs and banners.

Today’s rally was sponsored by: Blue Skies Campaign, Sierra Club, National Wildlife Federation, Montana Elders for a Livable Tomorrow, University of Montana Climate Action Now, Transition Missoula, Montana Audubon, Montana Conservation Voters Education Fund, and Alternative Energy Resource Organization (AERO).

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